A Reflection on Shaping the Virtual Space Based on Religious Values

Document Type: Original article


1 MA Degree on Philosophy of Science, Amir Kabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy of Science, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran


This paper initially examines theories proposed by Feenberg about
technical systems and alternative modernity, analyzes his thoughts, and
concludes that a framework of values needs to be provided in shaping
technical systems. In a society like Iran, where policy makers are looking for
the realization of Islamic values, this framework of values is derived from
Islam. To explain the relationship between religion and technology, the
concept of concretization has been used up, according to which, all aspects
of civilization, including technical systems must be concretized based on
Islamic values. Virtual space as a part of the technical systems must be
concretized with a holistic approach, based on Islamic values, and for this
purpose, there is no choice but a collective social life based on religious
values. The concluding section of the paper also tries to deal with another
significant issue which predicts the future of concretization at the level of
civilizations which will be offered using the metaphor of the ‘sand desert’.


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